Pomander Walk, a village in the center of New York

Pomander Walk is a co-op complex comprised of 27 buildings and is located between Broadway and West End Avenue and West 94th and 95th Streets. Only residents have a key to this gated community, so you can’t just walk on in and explore… unless you know someone who lives there.

Pomander Walk, an absolutely adorable village, was built in 1921 by Irish immigrant Thomas Healy. If you feel like you're on a movie set while strolling  it down you're not far off. "Pomander Walk: A Comedy in Three Acts"  by Louis Napoleon Parker was originally published in 1915. 
English dramatist, composer and translator  wrote many plays, developing a reputation for historical works. His 1911 play "Disraeli" about a British politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister,  is the most known. Parker also produced a number of dramatic adaptations of novels and stories, including "David Copperfield  " and  "Cyrano de Bergerac".  His pays were  staged at His Majesty's Theatre in London, but they often traveled to Boston and New York.    His play is set  on an imaginary byway near London.

 Here is a quote from his  play about Pomander Walk: "... At that time it was a charming  quaint  little crescent of six very small red0brick houses close to the Thames, facing south and with a beautiful view across the river. (....)The little houses were built in  the sober and staid style introduced during the reign of Her Gracious Majesty Queen Anne (...) each little house had its elaborate door with a shell- shaped lintel, each had its miniature front garden divided from the road-way by elaborate iron fencing.  You might have thought the houses were meant to be inhabited by very small Dukes so stately they were in their tiny way."

The 27 homes built almost one hundred years ago   have alternating facades of stucco, brick, and half-timber, and lush gardens and flowering window boxes add to its otherworldly charm. Initially its builder  Thomas   Healy intended to build a hotel on this lot, but instead of it   he  temporary built   the houses to raise money .  But everybody know  that nothing is more permanent than the temporary.  

Pomander Walk became a City, State, and National Landmark in 1982.   Landmark preservation commission wrote about this place:  "Pomander  Walk  has a unique sense of place; secluded from the street the walk is delightful word of picturesque dwellings replete with half timbering, gables, and other Tudoresque embellishments (...) The area around the walk is now entirely built up but the buildings of Pamander Walk  both interior and exterior  remain largely unchanged since "light housekeeping" flats were first rented there some 60 years ago".

Thomas Healy,  the builder, an Irish immigrant arrived in New York when he was 15. He was ambitious and hard-working. In 1913 he organized  the Society of Restaurant owners  and served as the first President of this society.  When he died in 1927 he left three million dollars to his wife and three children.

  Once home to middle class workers,  Pomander Walk  houses today  can hit the market with a million dollar price tag.  There are currently 61 units in this low-rise walk-up.
The Tudor style complex recently underwent an extensive exterior renovation which restored many of the buildings’ period details and earned a “Building Rehabilitation Award.”

In March 2015  a tiny   two-room studio apartment along the Walk  was listed   with a price tag of $375,000 and three bedroom two story townhouse was sold for $1,600,000. 
 The brightly-painted three-bedroom duplex at 265 West 94th Street had asking price   $2.5 million in May 2018.

Telephone Building and a Golden Boy

195 Broadway, 29-story building in the Financial District,  is also known as the Telephone Building, Telegraph Building, or Western Union Building.
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. That was the foundation of the company that would become AT&T , AT&T Corporation, formerly   American Telephone and Telegraph Company.

American Telephone and Telegraph Company  built much of the United States’ long-distance and local telephone networks and become  the world’s largest corporation and a standard for the telecommunications industry. The  American Telephone and Telegraph Company   was founded in 1885 by Alexander Graham Bell, a Scottish-born  scientist  who invented  the first practical telephone.
 Bell  made the first call on March 10, 1876,  in his Boston workshop to his assistant, Thomas Watson: "Mr. Watson--come here--I want to see you".
On October 9, 1876,   Bell and   Watson talked by telephone to each other over a two-mile wire stretched between Cambridge and Boston.  A year after  Bell and two investors, Gardiner C. Hubbard and Thomas Sanders, formed the Bell Telephone Company.

His fiancée, Mabel insisted he show his new telephone at the Centennial celebration in Philadelphia. When Dom Pedro the emperor of Brazil heard Bell reciting Shakespeare over the transmitter, he was astounded. Such a crowd gathered around the exhibition the police were summoned. Later President Rutherford B. Hayes was quoted as saying, "That's an amazing invention, but who would ever want to use one of them?" Later on he had one installed and called it "the greatest invention since the creation". His first call was to Alexander Graham Bell. 

Bell's first telephone call was so famous, he repeated the phrase in 1915 in the formal opening of the completed transcontinental telephone lines connecting America's East and West co

asts. Dr. Watson replied, "It will take me five days to get there now!"
 The building at 195 Broadway was constructed under the leadership of AT&T's president Theodore Newton Vail, who  was the president of American Telephone & Telegraph between 1885 and 1889, and again from 1907 to 1919. Construction started   in 1913 and completed in 1922.   It was here where in January  1915 Bell placed the first transcontinental phone call, ringing   Watson in San Francisco from New York.

195 Broadway   was the site of the world’s first   transatlantic phone call. On January 7, 1927, the first official transatlantic telephone call was  made when W. S. Gifford, president of the American Telephone & Telegraph Company, calls Sir Evelyn P. Murray, secretary of the General Post Office of Great Britain, on the new commercial circuit.

Genius of Telegraphy  ( or Golden Boy)  has been the symbol of AT&T  since 1916. The statue   was originally installed atop the Fulton Street wing of the AT&T, 195 Broadway.  At that time it was    New York City's second-largest sculpture, after the Statue of Liberty!  

The gold-leaf covered statue weighs 18,000 pounds and depicts a winged figure holding up a handful of lightning bolts.  It  stood on the roof  for more than 64 years.  Original name  of the statue was Genius of Telegraphy,  but later it was  changed to Spirit of Communication. It was moved to another Manhattan location on 550 Madison Avenue in 1983. In 1992, a ceremony was held when the statue crossed state lines to come to the company’s operational headquarters in Basking Ridge, where it stood until 2002.  And now the  Golden Boy resides inside the lobby of the company’s global headquarters on Akard Street in Dallas. 

10 Rockefeller Plaza and History of Transportation Mural

At 10 Rockefeller Plaza, the grand lobby is   visited only  by  those who work in the building or by  the official Rockefeller Center tour.  But   everybody can walk in an enjoy   the beautiful mural   that wraps around three walls of the space. Rockefeller Center  complex,   named after John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who leased the space from Columbia University in 1928,  changed the form of mid-town Manhattan. It became one of the most successful Urban Planning projects in the history of American architecture.

Rockefeller Center is a combination of two building complexes: the older and original fourteen Art Deco office buildings   and a set of four International-style towers built along the west side of Avenue of the Americas during the 1960s and 1970s.  An office tower at  10 Rockefeller Plaza between 48th & 49th Streets is  one of the old ones.   The lot was not   developed until 1937 - there was a parking lot on this site.

 Netherland-America Foundation was founded in New York in 1921. The Dutch, and especially its American-based business community, had a need to substantially improve its public image in the United States. On February 15, 1938, the Foundation organized a reception at the Cosmopolitan Club, during which an ambitious plan was unveiled for the establishment of a Holland House at the newly built Rockefeller Center. A sizeable fund of $100,000 had been raised from the Dutch government and  the Dutch-American business community, and several months later further plans were announced.
The  Holland House at 10 Rockefeller was open in 1939.

Holland House Taverne

The Center was comprised of the offices of the Foundation, the Chamber, the Consulate and the Netherland Club.  An art gallery and the Holland House Taverne, a Dutch-theme restaurant, were opened on the premises as well.    Holland House Taverne  remained in business until the mid-1960s when it gave way to a Charley O's. The cuisine was a mix of Dutch, American and Indonesian cuisine. Indonesia was still a Dutch colony at that time  and Indonesian food is still as popular in the Netherlands today.

When the German army invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940,  a  group of prominent Dutch-Americans met at the Holland House and decided to launch the Queen Wilhelmina Fund  " to aid the Red Cross in the Netherlands".   Because of the  Hitler's invasion
full occupancy  of the house was cut short by of the Netherlands.  In  1946  a new  tenant,  Eastern Airlines,  settled  in the building. 

Eastern Air Lines was a major American airline from 1926 to 1991.
It had a near monopoly in air travel between New York and Florida from the 1930s until the 1950s and dominated this market for decades afterward.  Eastern pioneered hourly air shuttle service between New York City, Washington, DC and Boston in 1961 as the Eastern Air Lines Shuttle.
Honoring the building’s tenant in 1946, Eastern Airlines, the Rockefellers commissioned popular illustrator and muralist Dean Cornwell to create a vision of transportation. 

Dean Cornwell  is relatively unknown now  but at that time  his illustrations were already  popular in Harper’s Bazaar and  Cosmopolitan . During his time, Cornwell was as popular as Norman Rockwell.
Dean Cornwell   created  three beautiful murals, called Night Flight, New World Unity and Day Flight  in the lobby of 10 Rockefeller.   Cornwell worked for two years researching and developing the images he would use. 

The artist portrays all modern forms of air transportation in silver while antecedents of the modern airplane ( modern in the middle of the 20th century) are in gold.
The murals portrayed the machine age from Leonardo Da Vinci's days to the present.  The murals extend 45 feet in length and 20 feet in height across the north and the south  walls of the lobby.